Watering: Be careful not to overwater, as the juniper’s roots don't like soil wetness. Other popular species include the Chinese juniper (Juniperus Chinensis,) the Japanese Shimpaku (Juniperus sargentii,) the Japanese needle juniper (Juniperus rigida,) two central European species: The savin (Juniperus sabina,) and the common juniper (Juniperus communis.) In its natural range, it is most often found growing near the sea. During the winter protect the tree once temperatures drop below 15 °F (-10 °C). Juniper Bonsai Winter Care. Old junipers can be found in gardens, concrete pots, and on cemeteries, with old graves that will be cleared, and if you are lucky the owner will allow you to dig one out for little money or a new plant. Both have scale-like foliage with color ranging from yellowish-green to bluish-green or silver-green. Juniper trees can withstand aggressive pruning well but keep in mind that they cannot bud again from any bare tree parts. Specialized Bonsai traders offer everything from young plants, pre-Bonsai, and pre-styled juniper trees up to high-value Bonsai in various styles and shapes. Cori is a freelance writer based out of Ontario, Canada, who specializes in houseplants and houseplant care. Specific Bonsai care guidelines for the Juniper Bonsai Placement : Place the tree outside, year-round, in a bright location with lots of sunlight. Junipers can be bent aggressively, but be sure to wrap branches with raffia or tape for protection. It grows in mountainous terrain at altitudes of 2500 to 10000 ft. (800–3000 meters) Its foliage is scale-like with grayish or dark green coloring and tends to grow quite dense. Always leave some foliage on the branches to ensure ongoing growth. When we think of a traditional bonsai and what it should look like, we think of a "Juniper Procumbens Nana." They say that bonsai isn’t just a plant, it’s a way of life. As a guide, around Thanksgiving Day it is time to prepare your Bonsai for its winter dormancy period … Most care sheets fail to mention is that juniper bonsai are exclusively outdoor trees. Juniper Bonsai Trees These Dwarf Junipers from Japan are the most popular evergreen in the U.S. Fungal rust diseases are a big problem. ProFlowers Merchandising Product Designer Nikki Kinowski says, “Our juniper bonsai (outdoor option) and our golden gate ficus (indoor option) are the most forgiving options for beginners.” Growing a juniper as a bonsai is comparatively easier, when compared to other types. If they are large and old, you can split the deadwood to bend the more flexible living parts. Shimpaku Juniper Bonsai Care. For beginners, Juniper bonsai trees are Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. Bonsai soil mixes are well-draining, allowing both air and water to reach the roots, and are typically a combination of akadama (clay granulate from Japan), organic potting compost, pumice, and fine gravel/grit. It grows live veins below broken or dying branches that dry out and die to make deadwood. If you water your Juniper bonsai and see water pooling at the surface, the soil drainage is not sufficient. There are many other juniper varieties, as well. Fertilizing : Use normal organic fertilizer pellets every month during the growing season or a liquid fertilizer every week. The Juniperus genus contains between 50-70 species of trees and low-lying shrubs. The Juniper Bonsai trees that can be found in large stores, like Walmart and Home Depot, are often Japanese Garden Junipers, also known as Green Mound Junipers (Juniperus procumbens nana.) Most of the time, if your Japanese Juniper Bonsai is well taken care of and is placed in a position with the right temperature and amount of light, you’ll have no problem. Juniper species prefer a well draining soil that will allow airflow to the roots. It came in a small pot at first you can see from the picture. The rust fungus infests the junipers permanently and cannot be cured. Generally, juniper bonsai trees are easy to care for and thrive on neglect. The first step in growing a Juniper Bonsai tree is to … That’s right, the well-produced commercials and Hollywood blockbusters have been lying to us for years. The deadwood is then naturally peeled, polished, and bleached by climatic conditions that make it very durable. As a guide, around Thanksgiving Day it is time to prepare your Bonsai for its winter dormancy period … In nature, it grows columnar or as a depressed shrub. There are also popular juniper species with needle-like foliage. All of which have very similar care guidelines. During winter the junipers must be kept in a place with enough light and they must be checked for pests regularly even in winter. As a general rule, allow the soil to dry slightly between waterings, avoid letting it dry out completely, and then water deeply. Use a commercially available bonsai soil mix for juniper trees for the best results. For juniper bonsai, pinching back growth rather than cutting back is recommended as cutting can cause the surrounding needles to die off. Juniper Bonsai Tree Care Guide There are over 50 different types of species of Junipers or Juniperus. Scale junipers’ new growth, or juvenile foliage, appears needle-like until the typical scale-like foliage appears when they mature. There are numerous varieties of Chinese Juniper, many of which difficult to distinguish with certainty, but the care guidelines for these varieties are very similar. Young trees can be repotted every two years at the most, and older trees can go as long as five years without being repotted. Here you’ll find elm, hornbeam, larch, … The visibly infested branches die in most cases and the fungus can emerge on other tree parts. Make sure that you use a soil that has a large percentage of arrogates that allow the water to flow quickly. Juniper species, like Chinese juniper, Japanese garden junipers, green mound, sargent’s needle, and shimpaku, are grown extensively as bonsai trees. The bonsai is a delightful and fun plant to have around the home or office. Some species change their foliage color during frosty periods to a purplish brown which is a part of their internal frost protection mechanism. Once the branches have set in their new shape, carefully remove the wire with wire cutters so as to not damage the tree. Bonsai trees require regular care and maintenance. Identifying which type of juniper bonsai you have will help to determine how to care for it properly. If you’d like to see strong growth you can apply some higher nitrogen levels in the spring. A Juniper Bonsai is a living miniature tree and not a house plant; therefore, your bonsai must be maintained in a cool/cold environment during the winter season. Though it does need proper care and attention, don’t let that intimidate you. Some people have a different opinion, but it’s best to burn rust-infested juniper immediately or put it into the garbage instead of your compost heap. Regularly thinning out the foliage pads will help to decrease the likelihood of pest infestation as dense foliage pads provide the ideal environment for them. Continue reading about watering Bonsai trees. The juniper genus is made up of about 50 to 70 different species within the cypress family. We say this because they are born healthy and are adaptable to all temperature conditions. They prefer to be fully exposed to the sun, and they also need well-drained soil in order to thrive. They are hardy, frost-tolerant trees that can withstand temperatures as low as 10 degrees Fahrenheit without protection. During winter, particularly in rainy weather, the galls produce large, orange, gelatin-like tendrils, full of spores that infest the leaves of pear trees or hawthorn/crabapples. Juniper Bonsai Soil and Fertilization. The Juniper bonsai tree is a hardy tree recommended for beginners. Very old trees can be repotted at longer intervals. The foliage color can range from steely-blue-greens to light greens, occasionally with silver or gold hues. For more details, see our, How to Grow and Care for Alligator Juniper, How to Care for and Maintain a Bonsai Tree. Trees in his collection go far beyond the common spruce and juniper bonsai sold at typical nurseries. respond especially well to bonsai training, establishing readily and tolerating neglect. A bonsai plant requires frequent watering. Juniper bonsai trees should be grown outdoors year-round and cannot tolerate growing indoors. How to Ruin a Bonsai Without Really Trying July 31, 2019 August 19, 2019 sewershark778 The principal tree to show up in my blog was this Ficus Natalensis which I developed from a cutting in Ensuring that the bonsai has adequate drainage is imperative in preventing the soil from becoming waterlogged. When the foliage pads become too dense they must be thinned out with sharp scissors at the base. It is best to prune juniper bonsai in the early spring and summer during their active growing period. Junipers can live a very long time. Pruning and training are the most important aspects of juniper bonsai care. As a rule of thumb, the blue-green junipers are more resistant than those with yellowish-green foliage. Following a few simple guidelines allows a Juniper Bonsai to be grown without difficulty; as such, they are perfect for beginners and will enable one to develop their bonsai into a magnificent work of art with only a little patience and tender loving care. You can opt-out at any time. Junipers can sometimes get infested with spider mites, juniper scale, juniper aphids, and juniper needle miners as well as juniper webworms. Certain species of juniper trees are also susceptible to fungal rust diseases. They are evergreen coniferous trees or shrubs, which are very popular for Bonsai. However, during the winter, you need to be extra careful. In general, bonsai trees do not need to be repotted very often, including the juniper varieties. When extreme winter temperatures dip below this, providing juniper bonsais with moderate protection from wind and frost will help them to overwinter outdoors. As with most species well-suited to bonsai, juniper trees take well to wiring, although it should be done slowly and carefully. Juniper’s also like lots of light, and this can be difficult to achieve indoors. In late summer brownish proliferations grow from the bottom-sides of the leaves which release spores that infest junipers. Usually you can tell when it needs watering by the color and feel of the soil surface. The Japanese Needle Juniper has sharp, dark green, stinging needles with a narrow white line along their length. Use slow-release organic fertilizer once a month during the growing season, or a liquid fertilizer every week when watering. The Juniper Bonsai is generally a strong tree that also withstands aggressive pruning very well. Juniper bonsai trees can take care of themselves, but they are not exempted from extremely cold temperatures during winter, late-season frost, reflective heat emitted by buildings, excessively wet soil, rock mulch, shade, poor or excessive drainage, competition from other shrubs and trees, and also soil disturbance, causing harm and damage to your Juniper bonsai trees. Depending on the species they can measure from 1/8" to 1" (0,3 - 2cm), and it usually takes a year or two to ripen. The Sierra Juniper is a shrub or tree native to the western United States. So, to take care of a Juniper bonsai you should: Water it between two and three times per week before the soil completely dries out. You can usually find good raw material for Bonsai there. Junipers are also one of the easiest forms of bonsai to take care of. The Juniper cannot live indoors. Junipers can have two types of foliage, needle-like, and scale-like foliage. The Green Mound Juniper Bonsai is also from Japan with needle-like foliage, but the needles are shorter, more compact, and the coloring us bluish-green, similar to some scale-like foliage. The American Bonsai Society recommends letting the soil dry slightly before watering your juniper, but cautions against allowing it to dry completely. Make sure not to allow foliage pads to get too dense otherwise, pests can settle in them more easily. Basics on How to Grow a Juniper Bonsai Tree. The teacher, Bjorn Bjorholm, studied Bonsai art for over six years in Japan. The foliage is needle-like on young trees and scale-like on older trees. Placement : Place the tree outside, year-round, in a bright location with lots of sunlight. They are rugged, adaptable trees well-suited to bonsai culture. They make perfect beginner bonsai trees for inexperienced growers as they are forgiving, easily shaped, and well-suited to bonsai growing techniques. Juniper bonsai care Juniper Bonsai are characterized by a great hardiness and longevity. It also includes three American species: The California Juniper (Juniperus californica,) the Rocky Mountain Juniper (Juniperus scopulorum,) and the Sierra Juniper (Juniperus occidentalis). The foliage pads should be wired and fanned out after thinning, to let light and air get in, otherwise, the inner parts of the foliage pads will die, and dense pads also increase the risk of pest infestation. As with most bonsai, juniper bonsai require regular watering in order to keep the soil consistently moist. Traditional insecticide/miticide sprays will help but if you want to get rid of pests, you should investigate why the tree was prone to infestation. Junipers simply cannot survive for any extended period of time indoors, even if you provide them a bright windowsill. Our web site is checked and updated daily. Never pinch a juniper. At this stage of “finished” bonsai, you want to be pruning in early to mid-summer. Juniper bonsai care is seriously very easy. Juniper bonsai require bright, direct sunlight for the majority of the day. In nature, it grows as a small tree or shrub. During the winter protect the tree once temperatures drop below 15 °F (-10 °C). Pruning: To develop the foliage pads, long shoots that stick out of the silhouette can be pinched or cut at the base with sharp scissors throughout the growing season. For this reason, juniper bonsai are best-suited to being grown outdoors year-round. There are two main categories of juniper trees - trees with scale-like foliage and trees with needle-like foliage. They make perfect beginner bonsai trees for inexperienced growers as they are forgiving, easily shaped, and well-suited to bonsai growing techniques. The berry-like cones are round or oval and are filled with round or edged seeds. Don’t worry they will turn green again in spring. Many of these species of Junipers do very well for bonsai due a variety of factors including foliage sizes and shape, drought tolerance, trunk resiliency, and root strength. Welcome to Bonsai Northwest!. The Japanese Garden Juniper (Juniperus procumbens ‘nana’) is the most popular and recognizable bonsai in the United States, with good reason. There are some Juniper bonsai over They can be found at most garden centers or plant stores, or online from speciality bonsai retailers. But it cannot bud again from bare tree parts, so take care that there is some foliage left on every branch you wish to keep alive. For juniper bonsai, avoid heavy root pruning at the time of repotting to prevent shocking the plant. Continue reading about pruning Bonsai trees. You can identify the fungus when you see orange spots on the pear leaves. Junipers have a naturally compact growth habit which makes them well-suited to bonsai growing techniques, and relatively young juniper bonsai can look well-established without much effort. The Juniper cannot live indoors. I've been keeping it outside to help it go into dormant state for the winter and I thought a bigger pot would be less likely to freeze. The most popular juniper varieties for bonsai include: Proper and regular pruning is essential to the aesthetic and health of a bonsai tree. by Benjamin Lee Janssen (Upstate New York, United States) I got my Juniper Bonsai tree about 2 weeks ago. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Juniper bonsai appreciate regular feeding during the spring and fall months to promote strong growth. Junipers are also great for jin and shari, or deadwood. These impressive, trouble-free evergreens are an excellent choice for the beginner. There are two groups of Junipers, one with scale-like foliage and the other one with needle-like foliage. Download these instructions. Do not prune the roots too aggressively. Find species-specific information on your tree. Chinese Juniper (Juniperus Chinensis) It’s a small bonsai that can withstand climate change. The position of your tree might not have enough access to sunlight. Watch for signs of spider mites, juniper scale, juniper aphids, juniper needle miners, as well as juniper webworms. This bonsai tree species well suited for dead wood designs and look very … Some are even considered resistant to fungal rust diseases. Another very popular juniper for bonsai is the Itoigawa Shimpaku due to its delicate emerald-green foliage. The Rocky Mountain Juniper grows in western North-America and can become a tall tree. Pests / diseases: If junipers are well cared for and placed in an ideal location they are very resistant to pests. This is a free lecture from our Bonsai Intermediate Course. The triad of green foliage, reddish-brown or yellowish-brown bark, and silvery-white deadwood is very appealing. Bonsai Tree Care: A Quick Guide. Unlike other bonsai trees, the Chinese Juniper doesn’t like being pruned, in … Repotting: Repot the Juniper Bonsai tree once every two years using a basic, or slightly more draining soil mixture. A Juniper Bonsai is a living miniature tree and not a house plant; therefore, your bonsai must be maintained in a cool/cold environment during the winter season. All parts of the Savin are poisonous. Wiring is the practice of wrapping a wire around the branches of the bonsai tree in order to bend and reposition to achieve the desired shape. Juniper Bonsai Tree Care. Some trees will survive just fine indoors with some grow lights, but juniper’s aren’t that kind of species. To avoid shocking the roots, don’t fertilize a juniper bonsai after it has been repotted for at least a month. The Japanese Shimpaku is actually a variety of Chinese Juniper which was originally found in the mountains of Japan. Juniper trees with scale-like foliage include the Chinese juniper and the California juniper, while juniper trees with needle-like foliage include the Japanese needle juniper, green mound juniper, and the common juniper. If you have specific questions please email us at info@BonsaiNW.com.You can also see our Calendar of classes and events.. We have the largest selection of quality Bonsai pots, tools, and supplies available. Wiring: Junipers produced for Bonsai are often heavily wired when they are very young. If you need help identifying your tree, try our Bonsai tree identification guide. The cones are often eaten by birds who spread the germinable seeds through the bird’s droppings. Juniper trees are especially popular choices in bonsai due to their ease of care, variable form, and gorgeous foliage. This plant grows as a ground covering shrub if it is not shaped. Caring For Juniper Bonsai. Do not trim the juniper like a hedge because the removal of all growing tips will weaken the tree and the cut will turn the needles brown. If vigorous growth is desired, a nitrogen-rich fertilizer is recommended - but only in the spring months. Aesthetically, we want unobstructed structures to avoid the juniper from looking like broccoli. Its needles are sharp but smaller and more delicate than those of the Japanese Needle Juniper. Due the flexibility of the branches and growing characteristic, the Juniper bonsai tree is … Never allow the soil to dry out completely. Learn how to take care of Juniper Bonsai Trees in this Quick 30 minute Crash Course. Just follow our tips on how to care for a bonsai tree and soon you’ll be on your way to becoming a true bonsai pro! Use caution when bending areas with deadwood as those parts do break easily. Juvenile growth can also result from heavy pruning, bending, or overwatering and can last as long as a few years until the normal scale-like foliage grows and the young needle-like foliage falls or can be removed. The California Juniper is native to California and has bluish-grey scale-like foliage. The Juniper should be preferably grown outdoors as it requires 6 or more hours of direct sunlight on a daily basis. Winter is the time when, after lavishing care and attention on plants, you can finally reap … Generally, juniper bonsai trees are easy to care for and thrive on neglect. To achieve a desired shape or style, Juniper bonsais can be pruned every 6 weeks. Since some juniper species are low-lying ground cover shrubs, they also make fantastic cascading bonsai due to their natural downward growth habit. Juniper species have different levels of susceptibility to rust fungus. Before you water, the soil should slightly dry. The Savin is a juniper from southern Europe, North-Africa, and some parts of Asia with scale-like foliage which can be finer or more coarse and has different shades of green depending on its origin. You can find files that list many juniper species and cultivars and their susceptibility/resistance level to rust fungus on the internet. Acquisition of juniper Bonsai: Many well-suited juniper species in different sizes can be found in most nurseries. Its leaves are scale-like, coarse, and can be dark green or bluish-green. Bonsai is the ancient Japanese art form of growing ornamental miniature or artificially dwarfed trees in containers using cultivation techniques to mimic the shape and scale of full-sized trees. 2. And that is why this variety is most preferred worldwide. The juniper bonsai tree has long been recognized as one of the most popular trees for bonsai. However, cut back on fertilizing during the summer months to give the tree a break. It prefers rocky, well-drained soils. 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